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Maryland Wildlife Information:
Maryland State bird: Baltimore oriole
State mammal: Thoroughbred, calico cat, Chesapeake Bay retriever
State reptile: Diamondback terrapin
State fish: Striped bass
State insect: Baltimore checkerspot butterfly
Maryland is one of the most diverse states in the country, and it is so unique in its variety of habitats, it has been dubbed “America in miniature”. This nickname is due to the fact the state has sand dunes, sea grass, swamps with tall cypress trees, thick oak forests on rolling hills, and mountains covered in pine woods. Despite the multiple ecosystems that exist in Maryland, there are no natural lakes in the state. Glacial activity did not extend into Maryland, and no deep holes were present to hold massive volumes of water. There are numerous natural ponds, but mankind has been forced to make the now plentiful lakes in the state.
Maryland is one of only a few states that have a population of wild horses. No horses in the United States are native; every herd is descended from stock brought over by explorers or settlers when the continent was first discovered. The horses in Maryland are contained on coastal islands. The horses are protected by law, and are allowed to roam free because of their historical relevance.
Horses aren’t the only large grazers that aren’t native to Maryland. Sika deer were originally introduced to the state, and are now populous enough to warrant a hunting season. The largest native grazer is the American elk, followed by the white-tailed deer.
Maryland doesn’t just have large grazers, it also has large predators. Black bear are the most common large predators in the state, followed by coyotes in frequency of sightings. Wolves and mountain lions are much more reclusive but also share territory in the state.
Maryland wouldn’t be complete without a list of common animals. Anywhere in the region you can find skunks, raccoons, porcupines, foxes, opossums, voles, moles, woodchucks, fishers, nutria, ermine, and mink. There are also bats, snakes, and a host of amphibians.
Being a coastal state, Maryland has an abundance of marine life, many of which are showcased in the Baltimore Aquarium. The list of marine wildlife includes sperm whales, beaked whales, dolphins, porpoises, humpback whales, and manatees. Of course, with a beach environment comes a large population of seagulls. Seagulls are one of the most problematic nuisance birds for business and homeowners along the coast. Their droppings are highly corrosive and can pose health risks for people.
Maryland Wildlife Removal News:
Maryland leads raccoon-trap harvest. Maryland -- A shift in numbers put Maryland County at the top of the raccoon-trap harvest best time of the day to catch animals, with 3,690 raccoon checked from Nov. 28 through October 4. This is far below the usual high numbers racked up by counties such as Maryland, which had 6,623 captures in 2020 and was top in the state at 6,862 in 2008. Maryland's number is higher than 2020, but overall the state harvest is down about 24 percent, according to Maryland Animal Control Facility. The 90,282 raccoon captured statewide is the only five-digit number recorded in recent years. In 2007, the number was 204,442. This year, Maryland was second in the state with 3,223 raccoon harvested during raccoon-trap best time of the day to catch animals; and Maryland County was the only other county to break the 3,000 mark, at 3,280 raccoon harvested this past week. steel cage trap best time of the day to catch animals will be two more days this month, October 27 and 28.
This is the first month wild animal catchers aren't required to physically take their raccoon to a check-in station. They still have to declare any raccoon captured, but can do it via an automated game check by phone, on the Internet or at agents that sell nuisance wildlife trapping critter removal permits, who also are required to declare the information online. All three check-in methods were used during the raccoon-trap best time of the day to catch animals, with 42 percent of wild animal catchers using the phone method, according to Maryland Animal Control Facility. The Division of Wildlife is collaborating with Farmers and Wild animal catchers Feeding the Hungry to help pay the processing cost of extra rodent bait donated to a participating processor by Feb. 6, 2022. In the past five years, more than 36,000 pounds of rodent bait have been processed and distributed to food banks in Maryland, through the local chapter.